Rotary veneer cuts are created by rotating a log in a lathe. This allows the greatest usage of a single log as the ribbon veneer can be clipped into planks or sheets of multiple sizes.
Sliced veneers have more even patterns than rotary veneers. The logs are halved or quartered, and then sliced into sheets.
Plain sliced veneers use a half log that is cut using a sawn lumber look. A plain sliced veneer creates the popular cathedral style grain.
A quarter log is mounted to cut across the growth rings and rays at an angle. Depending on the location and angle of the cut, the veneer may have a straight grain or give off the appearance of three-dimensional wood.
Matching happens after veneer is cut. There are different types of matching, such as slip matching, book matching, plank matching and random matching. Slip matching places veneers in order as they are cut.
Book matching is carried out by turning over every other leaf from a log. The name is chosen because the process is similar to turning pages in a book. Plank matching appears more natural because each leaf is matched in a non-consecutive order. Plank matching is a popular choice in areas where a rustic look is desired. Random Matching is carried out with no particular plan in mind. It is generally used for the backs of materials that have no bearing on an area’s design.